Canadians contributed in many ways to our country's great efforts in the First and Second World Wars. The struggle involved virtually the whole country and made enormous demands on Canadians, whether they were involved in the actual fighting or remained on the home front to work in industry or farming to support the war effort.
- By the end of the First World War, more than 650,000 Canadians and Newfoundlanders had served, while over 66,000 lost their lives and more than 170,000 were wounded. This was an enormous contribution from a population of less than 8 million in 1914.
- By the end of the Second World War, more than one million Canadians and Newfoundlanders had served. Of these more than 45,000 gave their lives, and another 55,000 were wounded.